Sunday, April 3, 2016

Reflection 5: The Two-State Solution

I believe that a just, durable, and good solution to the Arab-Israeli conflict would be the implementation of the two-state solution. Palestinians living under Israeli military occupation is unacceptable in modern times. Palestinians have been permanently displaced and have been stripped of their happiness, prosperity, and most of all hope. According to a Foreign Policy poll from March of 2010, 57 percent of Palestinians and 71 percent of Israelis support a two-state solution. This is what the people within both parties want. However, it has to be something the governments are willing to negotiate, and the United States must recognize that it plays a role in this conflict. For example, Israel is incredibly dependent on the United States, and if the U.S. were to threaten to halt their aid or support at any time it would give Israel incentive to negotiate an agreement with Palestine. Once an agreement is signed, both sides would have to agree on their future actions and be assured that their needs and desires will be met. 

The two-state solution would embody many elements. First of all, agreements in regards to security would have to be reached, especially due to Israel’s large security concerns. This seems like the best logical first step before any portion of the population is moved or Israel removes itself from any territory because it creates some sort of structure. After security agreements are reached, Israel would then remove itself from the West Bank and end its blockade of Gaza that has paralyzed Gaza’s economy. The Palestinian state would then be allocated fair access to sources of water and a fixed land connection between the West Bank and Gaza. Jerusalem would be a shared city, with East Jerusalem being the capital of Palestine. The idea of sharing the city is best due to the religious connection that both Muslims and Jews alike have with Jerusalem and its holy sites. The holy sites would also be shared, and mandates would be created in order to help them to run smoothly. I believe that the Palestinian and Israeli governments, along with U.S. and international support, can secure these changes and solve these issues. Finally, and most importantly, both sides would agree that the two-state solution means that the Arab-Israeli Conflict is over. Furthermore, the Arab League should then formally recognize the State of Israel and establish peaceful relations with it. 

There are obvious positive aspects to the two-state solution. First of all, it would give the Palestinian and Israeli people what they want. Secondly, it has the potential to lead to peace in the region, and both countries would benefit from the changes. Even Israel, who would be losing land, would benefit due to improved relations with the United States and its repaired worldwide image. Hence, I believe the best solution to the Israeli-Palestinian problem is the implementation of the two-state solution.

Cohen, Michael A. “Think Again:  The Two-State Solution.” Foreign Policy. September 14, 2011.


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